Gynecology Services in Singapore


Gynecology refers to the health of a woman's reproductive system including the uterus, vagina, and ovaries. It typically goes hand in hand with obstetrics, which deals with issues concerning pregnancy and childbirth. Gynecology covers both medical and surgical procedures to diagnose and treat reproductive conditions. Common gynaecological conditions include ovarian cysts, fibroids, endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

What Does a Gynaecologist Do?

As a specialist in the field of women's health care, a gynaecologist is responsible for diagnosing and treating conditions related to the female reproductive system, including menstrual problems, vaginal bleeding, lower abdomen pain, and pelvic pain, among others.

A visit to a gynaecology clinic in Singapore will help provide patients with a range of sexual and reproductive health care services such as gynaecological exams, cancer screenings, and treatments for a full range of gynaecological issues. Gynaecologists are also obstetricians (OB/GYNs) who provide medical care during the preconception, pregnancy, delivery and postpartum periods.

What are Common Gynaecological Conditions?

  • Ovarian Cysts - These are fluid-filled sacs that develop in or on the ovaries, usually during ovulation and menstrual cycles. Ovarian cysts are common and mostly harmless, and typically go away on their own without treatment. For large, persistent or potentially malignant cysts as well as cysts that are associated with severe pain, surgical removal is advised.
  • Fibroids - Also known as myomas, fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. Untreated, they can increase in size and number, causing pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding and frequent urination. Fibroids are treated via hormone therapy, myomectomy, hysterectomy and endometrial embolization.
  • Endometriosis - This condition occurs when the endometrium (uterine lining) forms outside the uterus, causing pain, especially during periods and sex. If left untreated, endometriosis can increase the risk of infertility. Treatment options include medications, hormone therapy, hysterectomy and conservative surgery to remove endometrial tissues.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - PCOS is a hormonal condition that results in missed or irregular periods, high levels of male hormones and ovarian cysts. As the issue progresses, it increases a woman’s risk of infertility, premature birth, pregnancy loss, and other health complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome. Medications and lifestyle modifications are the primary treatments for PCOS.

How are Gynaecological Conditions Treated?

The mode of treatment will depend on the type and severity of the condition.

  • Watchful Waiting - Most gynaecological issues, such as ovarian cysts, go away on their own without treatments. Upon initial assessment, the patient is first advised to undergo further testing and wait for a prescribed period before being re-examined to check for any progress or development in symptoms. Watchful waiting is important if the gynaecologist concludes that immediate medical intervention will result in more risks than benefits for the patient. No treatments are given at this point.
  • Medications – Treating gynaecological problems involves providing relief for any of its more serious symptoms that negatively affect quality of life. Pain medication and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be given for patients who have uterine fibroids or ovarian cysts, not to shrink the fibroid or cyst, but simply to help ease discomfort and pain. Vitamins and supplements may also be taken to reduce the risk of anaemia.
  • Hormonal Therapy - Gynaecological problems are often linked to hormonal issues, thereby making hormonal therapy one of the most prescribed and effective treatments. Similar to medicines, hormonal therapy may not be able to remove certain cysts, fibroids or endometrial tissues. However, they can help relieve symptoms, and prevent the progression of such conditions. They are also used to regulate the body’s hormone levels, which reduces the risk of PCOS, ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids. Contraceptive pills or implants like the Mirena intra- uterine device are prescribed to control heavy menstrual bleeding and alleviate pelvic pressure.
  • Surgery - Surgical procedures are usually performed to treat larger ovarian cysts and fibroids, and endometriosis. Whether done traditionally or laparoscopically, the goal of the operation is to remove the abnormal growths without affecting the reproductive system and nearby organs. Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) and oophorectomy (removal of one or both ovaries) are considered permanent solutions to treat and prevent the recurrence of fibroids, cysts, endometriosis, and even cancer. However, both procedures permanently prevent pregnancies and are generally seen as a last resort.

When Should You Visit a Gynae?

A girl should start visiting a gynae ideally upon the onset of menstruation or any pelvic discomfort. She should also attend routine check-ups, and should ideally seek medical advice before becoming sexually active (so that they may receive appropriate contraception, HPV vaccination, and advice on future screenings).

Women should also promptly visit their gynaecologists if they experience any abnormal changes in their periods, pelvic pain, as well as vaginal pain, abnormal discharge or odours – all of which indicate an underlying condition may be present and needs to be treated.

How Often Should You Visit a Gynae?

Generally speaking, women should optimally visit their Singapore gynaecologist for a routine, well-woman check-up every year or so. These check-ups usually involve a detailed pelvic scan to detect any abnormalities; as well as Pap smears, HPV tests or STD tests in some patients.

Health & Fertility Centre for Women is an established gynaecology clinic in Singapore that provides a full range of diagnostic and treatment services for all matters relating to women’s health.

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Dr Kelly Loi
Our Gynaecologist
Dr Kelly Loi
Dr Kelly Loi
Medical Director
BMBCh (Oxford), FRCOG (UK), FAMS (Singapore)
Dr Kelly Loi is an accredited Singapore gynaecologist who is experienced in gynaecological surgery and other medical treatments. Dr Loi has over a decade of specialist experience in gynaecology and is skilled in minimally invasive surgical techniques. She obtained her medical degree from Oxford Medical School and is a Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (United Kingdom) as well as a Fellow of the Academy of Medicine (Singapore).

As the Medical Director of Health & Fertility Centre for Women and Monash IVF Singapore, Dr Loi remains committed in her mission of providing compassionate and high-quality gynaecology care for all her patients. Her gynaecology clinic warmly welcomes women from all stages in life.
3 Mount Elizabeth, #15-16,
Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre
Singapore 228510
(65) 6235 6455
Answering Service: (65) 6535 8833
Consultation Hour
Monday - Friday: 9:00am to 6:00pm
Saturdays: 9:00am to 1:00pm
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Health & Fertility Centre for Women
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