The pelvic floor consists of the muscles, ligaments, connective tissue and nerves that support the pelvic organs-namely the uterus, vagina, rectum and bladder. When the pelvic floor is damaged or becomes weak e.g. with menopause or menopause, it may become unable to support the pelvic organs. As a result, one or more of the organs may drop (prolapse) below their normal positions, causing symptoms such as discomfort due to a protruding lump at the vagina, and urinary incontinence.
Urinary incontinence (UI) refers to involuntary leakage of urine. It is a distressing problem which occurs if your bladder muscles suddenly contract or the sphincter muscles are not strong enough to hold back urine.
There are different types of incontinence and treatment may be medical or surgical depending on the type and cause of the problem. If coughing, laughing and sneezing cause you to leak urine you may have stress incontinence. Physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause often cause stress incontinence.