Fibroids are muscle tumours of the uterine wall.
Fibroids are typically non-cancerous growths of the uterine wall commonly found in women during their childbearing years. Fibroids may be classified according to their location within the uterus as:
Depending on the location of the fibroids and size of the fibroids, there may be different symptoms. Submucous fibroids protruding or pressing into the cavity of the uterus may cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Large subserous fibroids or large intramural fibroids may exert pelvic pressure or pain. Fibroids lying close to the bladder may cause frequent urination, or difficulty emptying the bladder. Fibroids lying at the back of the uterus close to the bowels may cause difficulty with defaecation or emptying of the bowels.
Occasionally, women may not have symptoms from fibroids and may be found to have fibroids only incidentally on physical examination when a large abdominal mass is detected.
Based on the results, further treatment may be recommended. Methods of treating pre- cancerous changes of the cervix include laser vapourization, LEEP and cone biopsy. LEEP or cone biopsy are minor surgical procedures that involve removal of a cylindrical or cone-shaped piece of cervix in which abnormal cells are located by using a heated electrical loop wire or with a laser, diathermy or knife respectively.