Endometriosis is a condition where the lining of the womb (called endometrium) occurs outside its usual location e.g. at the back of the uterus and around the ovaries. The tissue induces an inflammatory reaction causing menstrual pain and infertility. Around 1 in 10 women suffer from endometriosis during their reproductive years. With time, endometriosis will have an adverse impact on a woman’s physical and social well- being, leading to formation of ovarian endometriotic cysts, severely painful periods, pain during or after sex, and infertility.
Occasionally, endometriotic cysts may be found incidentally on an ultrasound scan. Cysts caused by endometriosis contain old blood and are often referred to as 'chocolate cysts'.
Several options are available. The decision on which is the best treatment option depends on a variety of factors. These include: